Friday, September 21, 2007

Secrets of Surah Al-Qadr Revealed

TAFSIR OF SURAH AL-QADR (THE NIGHT OF DECREE)

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious Most Merciful.
1. Verily, We have sent it down in the Night of Al-Qadr
2. And What will make you know what the Night of Al-Qadr is?
3. The Night of Al-Qadr is better than a thousand months.
4. Therein descend the angels and the Ruh by their Lord's permission with every matter.
5. There is peace until the appearance of dawn. [Surah Al Qadr]

The Virtues of the Night of Al-Qadr (the Decree)

Allah informs that He sent the Quran down during the Night of Al-Qadr, and it is a blessed night about which Allah says, We sent it down on a blessed night. Then Allah magnified the status of the Night of Al-Qadr, which He chose for the revelation of the Mighty Quran, by His saying, And What will make you know what the Night of Al-Qadr is? The Night of Al-Qadr is better than a thousand months.

Abu Hurayrah said, "When Ramadan would come, the Messenger of Allah SAW would say, "Verily the month of Ramadan has come to you all. It is a blessed month, which Allah has obligated you all to fast. During it the gates of Paradise are opened, the gates of Hell are closed and the devils are shackled. In it there is a night that is better than one thousand months. Whoever is deprived of its good, then he has truly been deprived"

The Messenger of Allah SAW said, "Whoever stands (in prayer) during the Nigh of Al-Qadr with faith and expecting reward (from Allah), he will be forgiven for his previous sins."

Specifying the Night of Decree and its Signs

The Messenger of Allah SAW said, "The Night of Al-Qadr occurs during the last ten (nights). Whoever stands for them (in prayer) seeking their reward, then indeed Allah will forgive his previous sins and his latter sins. It is an odd night: the ninth or the seventh, or the fifth, or the third or the last night (of Ramadan)."

The Messenger of Allah SAW also said, "Verily, the sign of the Night of Al-Qadr is that it is pure and glowing as if there were a bright, tranquil, calm moon during it. It is not cold, nor is it hot, and no shooting star is permitted until morning. Its sign is that the sun appears on the morning following it smooth having no rays on it, just like the moon on a full moon night. Satan is not allowed to come out with it (the sun) on that day."

'Ubadah bin As-Samit asked the Messenger of Allah about the Night of Decree and he replied, "Seek it in Ramadan in the last ten nights. For verily, it is during the odd nights, the twenty-first, or the twenty-third, or the twenty-fifth, or the twenty-seventh, or the twenty-ninth, or during the last night."

From Abu Hurayrah that the Messenger of Allah SAW said about the Night of Al-Qadr, "Verily, it is during the twenty-seventh or the twenty-ninth night. And verily, the angels who are on the earth during that night are more numerous than the number of pebbles."

Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: The Messenger of Allah SAW used to strive more in worship during Ramadan than he strove in any other time of the year; and he would devote himself more (in the worship of Allah) in the last ten nights of Ramadan than he strove in earlier part of the month. [Muslim].

Supplication during the Night of Decree

It is recommended to supplicate often during all times, especially during the month of Ramadan, in the last ten nights, and during the odd nights of it even more so. It is recommended that one say the following supplication a lot:

Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: I asked: "O Messenger of Allah! If I realize Lailat-ul-Qadr (Night of Decree), what should I supplicate in it?''

SAW replied, "You should supplicate: Allahumma innaka `afuwwun, tuhibbul-`afwa, fa`fu `anni (O Allah, You are Most Forgiving, and You love forgiveness; so forgive me).''[At-Tirmidhi].

Commentary: Although no specific sign of Lailat-ul-Qadr has been mentioned in the Ahadith, some eminent scholars have stated, on the basis of their own experiences and observation, that since angels descend on this night, one feels a peculiar tranquillity and peace of mind and one is overwhelmed with a unique tenderness of heart. The night is neither very hot nor very cold but a temperate one.

Similarly, the sun that rises on the next day is also not very hot etc. etc. Allah knows the truth of the matter despite all that has been said in this regard. In any case, on this auspicious night every Muslim should earnestly pray to Allah for the forgiveness of his sins with reference to His Attribute of Forgiveness.

The most correct saying is that it occurs in the odd nights of the last ten nights of Ramadhan and this is shown by the hadeeth of 'Aa'ishah, RA, who said: "Allaah Messenger SAW used to practice I'tikaaf in the last ten nights and say: 'Seek out Lailatul-Qadr in the (odd nights) of the last ten days of Ramadhan." (Bukhari, Muslim )

However if the servant is too weak or unable, then he should at least not let the last seven days pass him by, due to what is reported from 'Ibn 'Umar, who said: Allaah's Messenger SAW said: "Seek it in the last ten, and if one of you is too weak or unable then let him not allow that to make him miss the final seven." (Bukhari, Muslim)

This explains his, SAW saying: "I see that your dreams are in agreement (that it is in the last seven) so he who wishes to seek it out then let him seek it in the last seven." (Bukhari)

Let us seek abundance rewards from our Creator by performing extra actions in these last few days of the noble month of Ramadhan as it could be our last.

Part 2

Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful says:

"Verily, We have sent it (this Qur'an) down in the Night of Al-Qadr (Decree). And what will make you know what the Night of Al-Qadr (Decree) is? The Night of Al-Qadr (Decree) is better than a thousand months (i.e., worshipping Allah in that night is better than worshipping Him a thousand months, i.e., 83 years and 4 months). Therein descend the angels and the Ruh [Jibril (Gabriel)] by Allah's Permission with all Decrees. (All that night), there is peace (and goodness from Allah to His believing slaves) until the appearance of dawn.'' (97:1-5)

"We sent it (this Qur'an) down on a blessed night [(i.e., the Night of Al-Qadr, Surah No:97) in the month of Ramadan, the 9th month of the Islamic calendar]. Verily, We are ever warning [mankind that Our Torment will reach those who disbelieve in Our Oneness of Lordship and in Our Oneness of worship]. Therein (that night) is decreed every matter of ordainments (i.e., the matters of deaths, births, provisions, and calamities for the whole (coming) year as decreed by Allah). As a Command (or this Qur'an or the Decree of every matter) from Us. Verily, We are ever sending (the Messengers). (As) a Mercy from your Rubb, Verily! He is the All-Hearer, the All-Knower.'' (44:3-6)

Many scholars have tried to translate the Qur’anic term Lailatul Qadr. They called it the Night of Power, the Night of Decrees, the Night of Majesty, the Night of Destiny, the Night of Almightiness and the Grand Night.

Laylut Al Qadr, is embraced not only for its mathematical power but also for its divine revelation. It commemorates the night during which Allah, subhana wa talla, revealed a full surah, Soorat Al- Qadr [97:1-5] and the 3 rd to the 6 th verses of Soorat Al-Dukhan, salla Allahu Alahi wa sallam....

The word power, Al-Qadr , has several implications and meanings, which help deliver a better understanding of the word, hence the night. Qadr means having power over something just as the Creator has power over his creation.

It also means excellence and high esteem because this Night is highly esteemed. Qadr also means to maintain, appoint, assign, or decree an order. On this night, Allah, subhana wa talla informs the angels of His commands and orders for the universe.

The concept of Al Qada Wa Qadar, the fifth article of faith, relates to this topic and means that Allah has decreed or preordained all that a human being will do with his free will.

Qadr also implies measurement in that, all the events in the world will coincide with what Allah has decreed in exact measurement. Allah, subhana wa talla, says in his Holy Book: "Verily, all things have We created in proportion and measure." (Al-Qur`an, 54:49)

This is also the night of honor and prestige which a faithful servant is rewarded with. All his or her good deeds will be multiplied through the mercy of Allah.

Yet the night remains concealed from us, in good wisdom, for the following reasons: Allah conceals many things not just Laylut Al Qadr. He conceals his pleasure from us when we perform good deeds so that we continue to strive in the way of Allah. He conceals His wrath from us when we commit sins so that we may try to abstain from them. He conceals the time of His acceptance of our supplication so that we strive in all our supplications and the time of death is also hidden so that we become more conscious of him and double our efforts all the time.

Allah, subhana wa tallah, has concealed the date of the Night of Power so that believers continue to strive relentlessly throughout the month, seeking the pleasure of thier Lord.

Although we can not determine the exact date, there is evidence that the night falls on the last ten days of Ramadan, specifically on the odd numbered nights. As reported by Bukhari, the Messenger of Allah, sala Allahu alahi wa sallam said: "Seek it on the odd nights of the last ten days of Ramadan."

The true meaning of Al-Qadar?

"Confessing the Shahadah - "There is no god but God, and Muhammad is the Prophet of God" - and believing in the accountability of all humans before God are the cement which holds Islam together.

To believe in the Day of Resurrection is "the most important article of faith in Islam. It is in fact, the basis upon which Islam builds its whole philosophy of Life... The advent of resurrection or Qiyamah is more frequently mentioned in the Noble Quran than any other happening."

The Qur'an speaks more of the coming Qiyamah - also known as the Resurrection, the Day of Judgment, Day of Gathering, and the Great Announcement - than of any other topic.


Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.), among other things, came to warn us of a time when truth would be known, when the thoughts and intentions of the heart would be revealed. He earnestly proclaimed as inevitable a day when accounts would be settled and when scales would be balanced. All the events in the world have begun to coincide with what Allah decreed in exact measurement. Only those misled by Iblis will reject His Sure Signs and Great Announcement.

The Arabic word for destiny, is qadar.

Thus Al Qadr is the divine decree that will determine the final destiny of all humans. This Night of Honor and Prestige rewards any faithful servant who heeds His Call with life eternal in heaven. All your good deeds will be multiplied through the mercy of Allah. Eternal life in heaven will be your just reward during this most blessed Blossom Time. That is why the Night of Al Qadr is better than an entire lifetime (a thousand months) spent in prayer, fasting and remembrance.